Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last teeth to emerge in the upper and lower jaw. They usually erupt between the ages of 20 and 25. They can erupt normally, like any other teeth in the jaw, but they can also cause problems during their eruption.

A wisdom tooth that has fully emerged and is in the correct position behaves like any other tooth, participating in chewing and being cleaned and maintained normally.

The problem can arise with wisdom teeth that are in an incorrect position, partially erupted, or partially covered by bone. Such a wisdom tooth needs to be surgically removed.

Wisdom teeth are the teeth most susceptible to extraction compared to other teeth in the jaw, and there are several reasons for this. It is often the case that there is not enough space for wisdom teeth to fully erupt, so they partially erupt while one part remains in the bone or the whole tooth stays in the bone. These are called impacted or partially impacted wisdom teeth.

However, not all partially erupted wisdom teeth need to be removed. If they are causing an infection due to their incorrect position, they should be extracted. The same applies if their growth causes irregular positioning of other teeth, if they cause cavities or damage to the root of the adjacent tooth, or if they cause pain, and so on.

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